Some facts on the 1916 Easter Rising
The Easter rising took place in Ireland in April 24-29 1916 where some Irish Republican leaders and members of the Cumann na mBan led an army and took to the streets to fight the British regiment to take back its Country after 700 years under their rule. The English troops at this time were highly involved in WW1 so it was the perfect timing for the Irish troops to attack. Over the course of the days the Irish failed to take over numerous buildings they had planned attack and as the British sent for reinforcements there was a rising death number with Innocent civilians. This is the cause for the surrender of Padraig Pearse on April 29th, his surrender document read:
“In order to prevent the further slaughter of Dublin citizens, and in the hope of saving the lives of our followers now surrounded and hopelessly outnumbered, the members of the Provisional Government present at headquarters have agreed to an unconditional surrender, and the commandants of the various districts in the City and County will order their commands to lay down arms”
After this document was issued the other members followed Pearse and surrendered themselves. A British General ordered the arrest of all dangerous “Sinn Feiners” including those who took an active part in the movement but may not have fought themselves. A total of 3,430 men and 79 women were arrested, although most were subsequently released. However, many were sentenced to Death from Kilmainham jail and over a period of 9 days the leaders of the Rising were executed.
- 3 May : Patrick Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh and Thomas J. Clarke
- 4 May : Joseph Plunkett, William Pearse, Edward Daly and Michael O’Hanrahan.
- 5 May : John MacBride
- 8 May : Eamonn Ceant, Michael Mallin, Sean Heuston and Conn Colbert.
- Sir Roger Casement was tried in London for High Treason and hanged at Pentonville Prison on 3 August.
Many Dubliners did not agree with the outbreak of the rising however in the aftermath of the executions the people became angered and this set to change the history of Ireland as they knew it. Irish civilians under the British rule backed the Republicans (Irish National Army) and slowly but surely took back many of the Irish towns. In 1922 Ireland finally claimed back its land. The troops left Ireland in January 1922 after the signing of the Anglo Irish Treaty.
Commemorations are held each Easter in Ireland for those that died heroes for their country. Glasnevin Cemetary is a popular place to visit as this is where they are laid to rest.